dogs training

Training is understood as certain ways of teaching a dog in order to develop certain skills and conditioned reflexes in it. General preliminary training is mandatory for all dogs, regardless of breed (service, decorative, hunting), because it allows the animal to develop elementary skills for correct behavior in various living conditions and at work.
When training each dog of any breed, an individual approach is required, that is, it is necessary to take into account behavior, body condition, age, conditions of cultivation and education.
It is better to train a dog than a puppy. Some of the simplest skills of puppies are taught already from 1.5 to 2 months (getting used to a nickname, banning commands, walking on a leash). In the process of education, he is taught simple commands, which are often presented in a voice with good intonation. It should be short, continuous and with calm tones. You cannot replace commands with synonyms that are close in meaning but differ in sound, for example, say “sit” to a puppy instead of giving the standard command “sit”. If necessary, the puppy is hit with his hand to carry out the command, petted and given some kind of treat.
It is forbidden to shout too menacingly, to pull the leash forcefully, and even to use painful effects. Sharp, jerky, movements of the trainer can cause a defensive reaction of the dog in the form of a cowardly or malicious attitude towards the owner, which negatively affects the psyche of the animal. When training, body movements and gestures are of great importance. It must be remembered that sign language is more understandable and familiar to dogs, since it depends on their communication with each other.
The next stage of training (from 10 months to 1.5 years) is the formation of general obedience skills, when the little dog is taught to follow commands that allow you to control it at work and at home. In this case, contrast training methods are often used – suppression of unwanted reactions and promotion of desired responses. For encouragement, sweets (small pieces of meat, food), affection, and friendly tones of voice are used. If the dog does not obey, restraining orders are used, appropriate tones of voice, and sometimes light corporal punishment are used.
You have to do this mainly before feeding or 2-3 hours after that, at different times of the day in the morning and evening. It is necessary to work on the technologies in a complex way, that is, several orders in parallel. So that the dog does not overwork, you should not repeat the same technique more than 3 to 5 times. To achieve maximum concentration from your pet, practice new commands in the first part of the lesson, but not at the beginning, when the dog still does not want to obey, but not at the end, when he is tired. It is necessary to finish the lesson on something good. Make it a successful mission or a game your pet loves and includes useful skills (like playing ball or finding a hidden reward).

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